CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy)
A definition of CBT is based on the theory that psychological symptoms are related to the interaction of thoughts, behaviours and emotions. In CBT the therapist and patient work on identifying and directly changing thoughts (cognitions) and behaviours that may be maintaining unhelpful symptoms.
The Fundamentals of CBT
- Progressing from problems to goals (importance of goal setting)
- Understanding your thinking or beliefs
- Appreciating how they effect your behaviour of the way you feel
- Challenging the thought/feeling link
- Finding a more appropriate way of rationalising through discussion and/or homework
- Resolution of problem through appropriate thoughts, giving rise to constructive behaviour
A central concept in CBT is that you feel the way you think. Therefore CBT works on the principle that you can live more happily and productively if you're thinking in healthy ways.
At some point in your life something's going to go a bit wrong with your body, and you will seek professional medical treatment. So why on earth do we assume that our minds and emotions should be immune from the occasional hiccup, upset or even more serious difficulty, and why would you not seek professional help for this also?
CBT does have some very straight forward and clear principles and is a largely sensible and practical approach to helping people overcome problems. However we don't always act according to sensible principles and most of us find that simple solutions can be very difficult to put into practice. CBT can maximise on your common sense and help you to do the healthy things that you may sometimes do naturally and unthinkingly in a deliberate and self-enhancing way on a regular basis.